Articles

The Uniqueness of Jesus Christ

 

Who is the Redeemer of God's elect? - The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man, and so was, and continues to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and one person, for ever.
The Lord Jesus Christ: "For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ
Jesus; who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time." (1 Tim. 2:5-6)
He became man: "And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory
as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth." (John 1:14) - "But when the fullness of
the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law." (Gal. 4:4)
God and man for ever: "... Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever." (Rom. 9:5) - "And the
angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest
shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing, which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son
of God." (Luke 1:35) - "For in him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily." (Col 2:9) - "But
this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. Wherefore he is able also to
save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for
them." (Heb. 7:24-25)
How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man? - Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her, yet without sin.
Taking a true body: "Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself
likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death,
that is, the devil. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of
Abraham." (Heb. 2:14-16) - "Wherefore, when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and
offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me." (Heb. 10:5)
Taking a reasonable soul: "Then saith he unto them. My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death:
tarry ye here, and watch with me." (Matt. 26:38)
Born of a virgin: "To a virgin espoused to a man, whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the
virgin's name was Mary. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt
call his name JESUS. And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee,
and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing, which shall be born
of thee, shall be called the Son of God. And she spake with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou
among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb." (Luke 1: 27, 31, 35, 42) - "God sent forth his
Son, made of a woman..." (Gal. 4:4)
Yet without sin: "For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our
infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin." (Heb. 4:15) - "For such an
high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the
heavens." (Heb. 7:26)
What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer? - Christ, as our Redeemer, executes the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation.
"Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the
mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began. For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A Prophet
shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things
whatsoever he shall say unto you." (Acts 3:21) - "See that ye refuse not him that speaketh: for if they
escape not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from
him that speaketh from heaven." (Heb. 12:25) - Compare with 2 Cor. 13:3. - "So also Christ glorified
not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to-day have I begot-
ten thee. As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever, after the order of Melchisedec.
Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications, with strong crying and
tears, unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared." (Heb. 5: 5-7) -
"Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever
liveth to make intercession for them." (Heb. 7:25) - "Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of
Zion." (Ps. 2:6) - "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon
his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting
Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon
the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice
from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this." (Is. 9:6-7) - "Tell ye
the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the
foal of an ass." (Matt. 21:5) - "Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and
the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt
dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. Be wise now therefore, O ye kings; be instructed, ye judges of
the earth. Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling." (Ps. 2: 8-11)
How does Christ execute the office of a prophet? - Christ executes the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, by his word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation.
"No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath
declared him." (John 1:18) - "Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently,
who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: Searching what, or what manner of time, the
Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and
the glory that should follow. Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us, they
did minister the things which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you
with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into." (1 Pet. 1:10-
12) - "Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have
called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you." (John
15:15) - "But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that
believing ye might have life through his name." (John 20:31)
How does Christ execute the office of a priest? - Christ executes the office of a priest, in his once offering up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us to God; and in making continual intercession for us.
He satisfies divine justice: "How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit
offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?
So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many: and unto them that look for him shall he appear the
second time, without sin, unto salvation." (Heb. 9:14, 28)
He reconciles us to God: "Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that
he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God to make reconciliation for the
sins of the people." (Heb. 2:17)
He makes intercession for us: "But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable
priesthood. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing
he ever liveth to make intercession for them." (Heb. 7: 24-25)
How does Christ execute the office of a king? - Christ executes the office of a king, in subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.
Subduing us to himself: "Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of
them a people for his name. And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, After this I will
return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins
thereof, and I will set it up." (Acts 15:14-16)
Christ ruling us: "For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; he will save
us." (Isa. 33:22)
Christ defending us: "Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment. And
a man shall be as an hiding-place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a
dry place; as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land." (Isa. 32:1-2)
Christ conquering His and our enemies: "For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet." (1
Cor. 15:25) - "The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy
footstool... rule thou in the midst of thine enemies... The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings
in the day of his wrath. He shall judge among the heathen... he shall wound the heads over many
countries." (Psalm 110)
From The Westminster Shorter Catechism, Questions 21 - 26


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