Articles

THE LORD'S PRAYER - 5 & 6 Petition

What do we Pray for in the Fifth Petition?

In the Fifth Petition, (which is, Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors,) we acknowledge that we and all others are guilty both of original and actual sin, and thereby become debtors to the justice of God. Neither we, nor any other creature, can make the least satisfaction for that debt: "What then? Are we better than they? No, in no v6se: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one... That every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God..." (Roman 3:9-22) - "And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him which owed him ten thousand talents. But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made." (Matthew 18:24-25) - "If thou, Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, 0 Lord, who shall stand? But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared." (Psalm 130:3-4)
We pray for ourselves and others, that God of his free grace would through the obedience and satisfaction of Christ, apprehended and applied by faith, acquit us both from the guilt and punishment of sin: "Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus; Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness; that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus." (Romans 3:24-26) "Almost all things are by the law purged with blood~ andwrithout shedding of blood is no remission." (Hebrews 9:22)
... that God would accept us in his Beloved: "To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the Beloved: In whom we have redemption through his blood. the forgiveness of sins..." (Ephesians 1:6)
... that God would continue his favour and grace to us: "Grace and peace be mjultiplied unto you through the knowledge of God. and of Jesus our Lord." (2 Peter 1:2)
... that God would pardon our daily failings: "Take with you words, and turn to the Lord: say unto him. Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously so will we render the calves of our lips." (Hosea 14:2) - "0 Lord, though our iniquities testify against us, do thou it for thy name's sake: for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against thee." (Jer. 14:7)
... that God would fill us with peace and joy, in giving us daily more and more assurance of forgiveness: "NowtheGod of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost." Romans 15:13)
- "Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice. Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities. Create in me a clean heart, 0 God and renew a right spirit within me. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation: and uphold me with thy free spirit." (Psalm 51:7-12) This we are emboldened to ask, and encouraged to expect, when we have this testimony in ourselves, that we from the heart forgive others their offences: "And forgive us our sins. for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us." (Luke 11:4) - "For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: But if ye forgive not men their trespasses. neither will your Father forgive your trespasses." (Matthew 6:14) - "So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses." (Matthew 18:3 5)



What do we Pray for in the Sixth Petition?

In the Sixth Petition, (which is, And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil,) we acknowledge that the most wise, righteous, and gracious God, for divers holy and just ends, may so order things, that we may be assaulted, foiled, and for a time led captive by temptations: "Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart." (2 Chronicles 32:31)
We acknowledge that Satan is ready to powerfully draw us aside and ensnare us: "And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel." (1 Chronicles 2 1: 1)
... that the world is ready to ensnare us: "Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares." (Luke 21:34) - "And the cares of this wo rld, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruiffid. " (Mark 4:19) - "Every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed." (James 1: 14)
... that we, even after the pardon of our sins, are still corrupt: "For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other, so that ye cannot do the things that ye would" (Galatians 5:17)
... that we are still weak and wanting in watchfulness: "Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak." (Matthew 26:41)
... that because of this we are subject to be tempted, and forward to expose ourselves to temptations: "Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee. But he denied before them all. saying, I know not what thou sayest. And when he was gone out into the porch, another maid saw him. and said unto them that were there.. This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth. And again he denied with an oath. I do not know the man." (Matthew 26:69-72),- "But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed - For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew, and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision. And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. But when I saw that they walked not uprightly, according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter..." (Galatians 2:11-14) - Also 2 Chronicles 18:3. 19:2.
We are also unable and unwilling to resist temptations, to recover out of them, and to improve them: "But I see another law in my members warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. O, wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death." (Romans 7:23-24)
- "Why will he be a cause of trespass to Israel?" (1 Chronicles 21:1-4)
- "Thou hast done foolishly..." (2 Chronicles 21:1-10).
We are worthy to be left under the power of them: "But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me. So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels." (Psalm 81:11-12)
We pray that God would over-rule the world and all in it: "I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil." (John 17:15)
... that God would subdue the flesh: "Create in me a clean heart, 0 God-, and renew a right spirit within me." (Psalm 5 1: 10)
- "Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me. " (Psalm 119:13 3)
... that God would restrain Satan: "Lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me." (2 Corinthians 12:7-8)
... that God would order all things: "Let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make away to escape, that ye may be able to bear it." (I Corinthians 10: 12-13)
... that God would bestow and bless all means of grace: "Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant- Make you perfect in every good work to do his will., working in you that which is well-pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ..." (Hebrews 13:20-2 1)
... that God may quicken us to watchfulness in using the means of grace, that we and all his people may by his providence be kept from being tempted to sin: "Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation." (Matthew 26:41) -"Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins, let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright. and I shall be innocent from the great transgression." (Psalm 19:13)
... that if we are tempted, God, by his Spirit may powerfully support and enable us to stand in the hour of temptation: "For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named
- That he would grant you. according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man. That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith." (Ephesians 3:14-17) - "To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Fader, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all' his saints." (I Thessalonians 3:13) - "Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling,. and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy." (Jude 24).
... that when we have fallen, God would raise us up again and let us recover out of it: "Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation. and uphold me with thy free Spirit." (Psalm 51:12) ... that we may be sanctified and improved by it: "Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about. seeking whom he may devour: Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world But the God of all grace. who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ve have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you." (1 Peter 5:8-10)
... that our sanctification and salvation may be perfected: "Now I pray to God that ye do no evil; not that we should appear approved. but that ye should do that which is honest, though we be as reprobates. For we are glad when we are weak and ye are strong: and this also we wish, even your perfection." (2 Corinthians 13:7-9)
... that Satan may be trodden under our feet: "The God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly." (Romans 16:20) - "And the Lord said unto Satan, The Lord rebuke thee, 0 Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?" (Zechariah 3:2) - And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat: But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren." (Luke 22:31-32)
We pray that we be fully freed from sin, temptation, and all evil, for ever: "I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil." (John 17:15) "The very God of peace sanctify you wholly: and I pray God your whole spirit, and soul, and body, be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." (I Thess. 5:23)



What does the Conclusion of the Lord's Prayer teach us?

The conclusion of the Lord's prayer, (which is, For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.) teaches us to enforce our petitions with arguments (Romans 15:30), which are to be taken, not from any worthiness in ourselves, or in any other creature, but from God (Daniel 9:4-19); and with our prayers to join praises (Philippians 4:6). ascribing to God alone eternal sovereignty, omnipotency, and glorious excellency (I Chronicles 29:10-12); in regard whereof, as he is able and willing to help us (Ephesians 3:20-2 1, Luke 11: 13). so we by faith are emboldened to plead with him that he would (2 Chronicles 20:6-11), and quietly to rely upon him, that he will fulfil our requests (2 Chronicles 14:11). And, to testify this our desire and assurance, we say, Amen. (I Corinthians 14:16. Revelation 22:20-21)

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From the Westminster Larger Catechism


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