July / August / September 2013


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July/August/September 2013
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Dear Friends,

Since 8 June, Old President Nelson Mandela has been in hospital, where he is being treated for a recurring lung infection. The sympathy of the whole country is with him, and the hospital has become a place of pilgrimage, resounding with hymns and prayers, and featuring a shrine of flowers, candles, gifts and messages. The 18th of July, his birthday, is a UN-ordained “Nelson Mandela International Day.” It was his 95th - a day of utter veneration. He was lauded as the “founding father of South Africa,” the creator of “a culture of peace and freedom.” Schoolchildren had to write him birthday cards, and adults were urged to spend “67 minute” acts of goodwill in his honour. Not since the days of the Pharaos, the Caesars, or even Lenin and Stalin has such religious enthusiasm been focussed on one man. Dr Peter Hammond, leader of Frontline Fellowship, comments: “The extravagant praise and idolising of Nelson Mandela as a hero/martyr and ideal example has exceeded all bounds. The mythology and idolatry surround-ing the Mandela cult is startling.” And Rev Shaun Willcock of Bible Based Ministries reflects: “In a secular humanist world men hunger for a saviour. They long to fill the spiritual void in their lives. But they have no desire to turn to Christ… So they set up a substitute saviour, and for millions this substitute saviour is Nelson Mandela.” 1)

South Africa in the late 20th Century

The “Madiba Magic” has indeed had a great effect not only on South Africa, but on the world. However, Mandela was not always a man of peace. In 1960, when the African National Congress (ANC) had come under communist control, he set up its “military wing,” Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation), to commit sabotage in the land. He was also involved in “Operation Mayibuye,”- “a comprehensive plan, worked out in the most minute detail, for seizing control of the country by means of sabotage and destruction, coupled with guerilla warfare waged by the masses, who would be supplied with sufficient arms and ammunition to sow terror thoughout the length and breadth of the land.” Operation Mayibuye (=“return”) read: “Our target is that on arrival the external forces should find at least 7000 men in the four main areas ready to join the guerilla army in the initial onslaught. These will be allocated as follows: Eastern Cape – Transkei 2000; Natal – Zululand 2000; North Western Transvaal 2000; North Western Cape 1000…. The preparation for equipping the initial force will take place in three stages, thus: By importation of military supply at two levels: l. build up of fire arms, ammunition and explosives by maintaining a regular flow over a period of time; 2. by landing additional supplies simultaneously with the arrival of our external forces…” 2)

The revolutionaries’ hide-out at the farm Lilliesleaf, Rivonia was, however, raided and 13 men were indicted. Nelson Mandela was the chief accused, together with Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Govan Mbeki, and others. A confiscated paper written in Mandela’s own hand indicates his thinking at the time: “Under communist rule,” he had written, “South Africa will become a land of milk and honey… The people of South Africa, led by the South African Communist Party, will destroy capitalist society and build in its place socialism. The transition from capitalism to socialism and the liberation of the working class… cannot be effected by slow changes or by reforms… but by revolution. One therefore must be a revolutionary and not a reformist.” 3) - The Rivonia trial was the most famous in the history of South Africa. In the end, Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment. World wide this was regarded as a fair ruling and an act of mercy. For the Rivonia trial was not a political trial. Mandela was not a political prisoner. He was convicted of violence and treason, which at that time might have merited execution.

Nelson Mandela likened to Jesus

South Africa became the chief target in the Cold War between the superpowers USA and USSR. The Soviets declared that they wanted “to capture the strategically important mineral wealth of South Africa as well as the strategically dominant position of the Cape as a choke point for military purposes.” They wanted to “cut the Western imperialists off from their crucial sources of raw material which would lead to their final breakdown.” 4) These atheist forces, however, encountered in South Africa a strong Christian bulwark. In order to neutralise this powerful spiritual force, they introduced into the Churches the marxist “liberation theology,” which distorts the teaching of the Bible and presents Jesus as a liberator/terrorist. With the help of the national and international Ecumenical Movements (notably the World and South African Councils of Churches) they made much of the Church into a “site of struggle.” 5) Bishop Tutu declared Mandela to be his leader, and Mandela was increasingly compared with and pictured as a suffering saving Jesus. The ANC set up its own Department of Religious Affairs which kept contact with the Churches.. Though they pledged to “liberate the oppressed,” they actually liberated South Africa from Biblical Christianity and God’s moral law.

While still in prison, Nelson Mandela had been offered his freedom again and again, but he refused to forswear violence and commit himself to peace. When he was finally released in 1990, the rate of crime and violence rose steeply. One of the most outrageous crimes during the transitional period was the attack on the St James Church of England in Kenilworth, Cape Town, on Sunday, 25 July 1993. Terrorists entered the evening Service with grenades and machine guns, killing 11 people and wounding 50. Had it not been for a courageous young worshipper who fired back, who knows how many more persons would have lost their lives.  

Nelson Mandela was released on 1 February 1990. He expressed his thanks to the SA Communist Party and pledged to intensify the armed struggle and the demands for sanctions. Though he appears to be mild, to this day he has not repudiated violence, nor spoken out against the genocide of food-producing farmers, or against the threats associated with his death. Though he was called “a gift of God,” a “Christ-like person who had come to power through suffering,” whose “stone had been rolled away,” and whose “return” had taken place, he did not publicly discourage such accolades. 6) During his time of office from 1994-1999 God’s sovereignty over the nation was abolished. Submission to the Almighty was ended. Prayer in Parliament and in schools was terminated, and the Bible was declared irrelevant. Anti-Christian laws were passed. Gambling, abortion, pornography, prostitution, perversion all became acceptable. Blasphemy is now tolerated, and the Sabbath has become a shopping day. Archbishop emeritus, Desmond Tutu, a liberation theologian greatly honoured throughout the world, openly defends sin and questions the Bible. He declares: ”Just because something is in the Bible, it is not necessarily true! Gays are precious to God. I cannot serve a homophobic God, and I refuse to go to a homophobic heaven. I would rather go to the other place." 7)

South Africa Causes the Fall of the Soviet Empire

But by 1990 the communist danger had passed. The USSR colossus had fallen. A recent book, “How the Soviets and Cubans Lost the War in Southern Africa,” describes how the South African Defence Force (fighting against vastly superior numbers of Cubans, Russians and East Germans) saved not only South Africa, but the whole world, from Soviet dominance. The defeat of the communists was so thorough, that the Russians had to leave Angola in haste. Because of his losses, Cuba’s Fidel Castro executed by firing squad his decorated General Arnaldo Ochoa Sanchez. The Soviet Colonel Igor Zhdarkin in Angola wrote, that not even in Afghanistan had they encountered such a foe, and an East German analyst added that South Africa’s success had significantly contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union, leading to the neutralisation of communism as a viable ideology, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the liberation of the Eastern Bloc countries… The fact is that the SADF bled the Cubans and Soviets dry, to the point that they could no longer afford to continue with their efforts. Their global strategy of controlling Africa, and specifically South Africa, had been a total failure. - The SADF was the primary cause of the eventual collapse of the Soviet Union… and South Africa saved the world from global Soviet dominance. 8)  

Though many South Africans might have thought that the war was entirely about the “liberation of the oppressed,” it was, in fact, a much greater “liberation struggle.” Alexander Solzhenitsyn said: “The world has never before known a godlessness as organised, militarised and tenaciously malevolent as that preached by Marxism. Within the philosophical system of Marx and Lenin and at the heart of their psychology, hatred of God is the principal driving force, more fundamental than all their political and economic pretensions. Militant atheism is not merely incidental or marginal to communist policy; it is not a side effect, but the central pivot. To achieve its diabolical ends, communism needs to control a population devoid of religious and national feeling, and proclaim both of these objectives openly, and just as openly put them into practice.” 9) Thus the war was a life and death struggle between atheism and Christianity, Satan and Christ. - For the second time in a century, South Africa had to fight against superpowers, first against the British (in the Anglo-Boer War) and then against the Russians (in the Angolan War). And both times the superpowers could not prevail.

Though Nelson Mandela today is raised up like a demi-god, it was not Mandela who won South Africa her freedom. It was the unsung heroes, the service men and soldiers, who were the true defenders of liberty. No one venerates or calls them “Christ”-like, but the Lord, through them, held His mighty hand over this country. The war, however, continues in another form. Let us then gladly pledge allegiance to the God of our Fathers, the Lord of Hosts, and hold on to Him to serve Him alone.

                                                            May God bless you richly,

                                                                                                       D. Scarborough.

1.       Shaun Willcock, Lest we Forget: The Truth about Nelson Mandela, July 2013.     2. Henry R Pike, A History of Communism in South Africa, pp.392 & 393.. 3. Ibid.     4. J Geldenhuys, How the Soviets and Cubans lost the War in Southern Africa, a compendium to We Were There.     5.   The Kairos Document, issued by the SA Council of Churches, and disseminated by the World and South African Councils of Churches.     6. Vox Africana no. 38, July 1990.     7. Die Burger 27.7.2013, Gays kosbaar vir God – Tutu. – Ironically it is the enemy of yore who now defends Christianity. The Russians whose atheism blighted the world, today condemn President Obama’s pro-homosexual policies and denounce gay marriage as an ‘apocalyptic symptom.’ (President Putin and Kirill, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia)     8. Op. cit. “We were There – Winning the War for Southern Africa.     9. Op. cit. HR Pike…  

A Brief History of Calvinistic Afrikanerdom from 1652-1980
By Rev Prof Dr Francis Nigel Lee, LLB, ThD, PhD, STD, DMin, DEd.*

In view of the decades-long defamation of the Christian Afrikaners (which needs to be countered) we excerpt from
Dr Lee’s lectures given at the Geneva Divinity School in Texas during 1980.

The Eschatology of Victory in Afrikaner Politics

Paul Kruger
A colossal figure in South African history was Paul Kruger – after whom the famous “Kruger Rand” gold coin was later named. He seems to have been born in 1825. We may never know the exact circumstances of his birth. But that he was a man among men, is certain. He was rugged, bearded and tough, and a very brave man. One day when hunting, a rhino turned on him. Kruger ended up wrestling this rhino and blew out its brains. But in doing this, he blew off his thumb. Praying to Almighty God and pretending it was someone else’s thumb, he cut off the remains with his pen-knife. The Encyclopaedia Britannica says about him: “He imbibed early the strict Puritanism of this frontier era. His 1902 memoirs reveal him in youth as a brave hunter and arbitrator. He was a staunch Dopper.” He gave his personal Christian testimony to the great Rev Dr Andrew Murray, who wrote to his children and his wife: “Mr Kruger says that when God gave him a new heart, it was as if he wanted to tell everyone about Jesus’ love…” And while Murray was still visiting, “he sent a message to the Black chief Ramkok to come and have a talk with us…” - Kruger was known for pronouncements such as: “God’s Word shall be my rule of conduct in politics, and the foundation upon which the State must be established.”

He passed a law offering two acres of land free of charge, to be granted by the State to any group of Christians who would undertake to erect a place of Christian worship to the honour of God. And so a lot of churches arose in the principal towns of the South African Republic. - But then the Jewish community came and said: “Mr President, we would also like to have two acres." Kruger produced his Bible and said: “Do you believe the Bible?” The Jews said: “Yes, Mr President, we believe all of it from Genesis to Malachi.” Kruger said: “The Bible has got two parts, the Old Testament and the New Testament. I’ll give you one acre of land immediately, because you accept the old Testament. When you come back and tell me that you believe the New Testament as well, I will give you the second acre.” - When the synagogue was completed, the Jews invited President Kruger to open it. He did so. At the end of his speech, facing all the wealthy Jews of the Witwatersrand mines, he said: “And now, as State President of the South African Republic, in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ, I pronounce this synagogue duly opened!”

Pesident Kruger did everything he could to promote Christian National Calvinist Public Education. He imported from Holland school teachers who had studied under Abraham Kuyper. He also appointed South African Reformed preachers as regional superintendents of the Education System, among them Reverend SJ du Toit, a father of the Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners, who established Afrikaans as a medium of cultural expression as from 1875.

In 1902, after Kruger had lost the (Anglo-Boer) War he went into exile on a ship that Queen Wilhelmina, the Calvinist monarch of Holland, had sent to fetch him at Delagoa Bay. She received him royally in Holland. Kruger died as a broken old man in Switzerland, the land of Calvin. His body was later taken to Pretoria, where it was reinterred in state in Church Square.

Calvinist State Craft
Calvinist statecraft in South Africa was given a big push by the famous Professor Dr LJ du Plessis, who was for many years the Head of the Department of Political Science at Potschefstroom University for Christian Higher Education. Here are some points from what du Plessis wrote on the Calvinist Theory of State. Based on the Ten Command-ments (Exodus 20), he said, the State is responsible to maintain civil righteousness and social peace.  

The First Commandment, “You shall have no other gods…” forbids idolatry. False doctrine should not threaten true law and order. The Commandment demands that God be honoured by the authorities.

The Second Commandment, “You shall not make yourself idols…”demands that the State remove all images and false religious ceremonies in the public sectors.

The Third Commandment, “Don’t misuse the name of the LORD…”demands that blasphemy must not be tolerated.

The Fourth Commandment, “Remember the Sabbath day…”demands that the State protect and promote a Sabbath day of rest. The Sabbath-keeper’s rest is not to be disturbed by Sabbath-breakers.

The Fifth Commandment, “Honour your father and mother…”demands that the State uphold parental powers and encourage respect toward political authorities.

The Sixth Commandment, You shall not murder,”determines that the death penalty be applied only after adequate testimony has been given. Murder and kidnapping are strictly prohibited, and so is cruelty to animals.

The Seventh Commandment, “Do not commit adultery,”forbids adultery, sodomy, and bestiality. It also forbids prostitution and fornication. It demands laws against incest, and regulates divorce. It protects marriage and modesty.

The Eighth Commandment, “You shall not steal,”should help all people to earn an honest living. It should punish, regulate and restore damage and loss of property, even as to its modern political application.

The Ninth Commandment, “Don’t give false testimony,”forbids the giving and accepting of false testimony.

The Tenth Commandment, “You shall not covet,” says Dr du Plessis, concerns the inward motion of man and therefore has no political applications. - Du Plessis goes on to say that the Calvinian statecraft is to be regarded as generally valid. God has indeed required that the Decalogue be applied in modern society in this way.

General Jan Christiaan Smuts (1870-1950)
That brings me to a very fascinating political leader. Jan Smuts was born in Riebeeck West and studied first at Stellenbosch and then Cambridge Universities. He became the Attorney-General of Paul Kruger’s South African Republic and later a Boer General in the Anglo-Boer War. After having written a book against the British, A Century of Wrong, he underwent a radical change and became pro-British. He fell away from Calvinism and adopted “Christian Holism.” He was a brilliant man, helping to launch the old League of Nations, and writing the Preamble of the United Nations Charter. He became a Privy Councillor in the British Government, a Field Marshall of the British Empire, and was Churchill’s right hand man in World War II.

A second great man born in the small village of Riebeeck West – was Dr Daniel Francois Malan (1874-1959). He was a student with Smuts at Stellenbosch before he went to Holland to earn his Doctorate in Theology. Malan became a preacher of the Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk (NGK) first in Montagu and then in Graaff-Reinet. - One day, reading his Bible in 1912 or 1913, Malan came upon First Corinthians 10:31: “Whether you eat or whether you drink or whatever you do, do it all to the glory of God.” He claimed that God was calling him into politics, and that he must do politics to His glory. He became editor of “Die Burger” and, together with Smuts, attended the signing of the Peace Treaty with Germany at Versailles. He was instrumental in the 1938 Voortrekker Centennial and in the revival of Calvinistic Afrikanerdom, becoming Prime Minister in 1948.

That brings me to Dr Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd. He was taken by his Dutch missionary parents as an infant to South Africa. There he grew up, becoming a brilliant theological student, about the only one who ever achieved 100% for Hebrew. He then moved on into the fields of Logic and Philosophy, where he achieved equal brilliance. He went to Germany and earned a Doctorate in Psychology. On his return, he was appointed Professor first of Psychology and then of Sociology at Stellenbosch University, until he got interested in Politics and Anthropology. He became the Editor of the “Transvaler” and later Minister of Native Affairs. He had a fine family life. His daughter did missionary work with Coloured people every weekend, and his son became a Missionary. Dr Verwoerd once said that the only possible defence of apartheid or separate development (which he promoted) was the motive of love for one’s fellow man. He launched and won the Republican Referendum in 1960 and then proclaimed a South African Republic in 1961. He acknowledged Almighty God as the Head of the State, and opted for a revived system of Christian Public Education.

After his assassination in 1966 he was followed by Adv. BJ Vorster, whose brother was the Moderator of the National General Assembly of the Dutch Reformed Church of South Africa. Prime Minister Vorster was a Calvinist and Lawyer. He had studied Calvinist philosophy during World War II, and pushed the reconstruction of Christian Public Education.

The present Prime Minister (1980) is PW Botha. He married the daughter of a Reformed Preacher. He is presently working toward confederation of all Black and White South African self-governing areas – to become a Christian Western confederated bastion against communism. - In general, I would say that (in 1980) Calvinism is still alive and well in South Africa. Gambling, prostitution, striptease and homosexuality are all illegal. Rape and murder are generally punished with the death penalty. But of course there is always room for much improvement! - It has often been said that the Church is the backbone of the Afrikaner people. The strength of the people has unquestionably been this rigorous Calvinism.
·        Dr Lee was Chairman of the Department of Systematic Theology @ Church History at the Queensland Presbyterian Theological Hall, Brisbane, Australia. He died at the end of 2011.

To be continued…

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